FEMALE_1: [MUSIC]. On April 18th, 2019,
FEMALE_1: a woman who had been patiently waiting
FEMALE_1: eight years for her lifesaving kidney,
FEMALE_1: finally got the call.
FEMALE_1: Trina Glispy, a 44-year old nursing assistant was one of
FEMALE_1: 75,000 people cleared for surgery
FEMALE_1: and on the wait-list for the necessary organs.
FEMALE_1: But she was the only person to
FEMALE_1: have her organs delivered by a drone.
FEMALE_1: While the drone only flew
FEMALE_1: three miles from where it was built at
FEMALE_1: the University of Maryland to
FEMALE_1: the patient at a nearby hospital,
FEMALE_1: it was a vital first step towards
FEMALE_1: the use of drones in the future of medicine.
FEMALE_1: Every second that goes by after
FEMALE_1: an organ is removed from the body,
FEMALE_1: is a second wasted.
FEMALE_1: The organ goes through something called cold ischemia,
FEMALE_1: which results in irreversible damage to the tissue.
FEMALE_1: Dr. Joseph Scalia, the leader of
FEMALE_1: the University of Maryland team that
FEMALE_1: invented the organ delivering drone,
FEMALE_1: recalled a time in which it took
FEMALE_1: an organ 29 hours to reach his hospital,
FEMALE_1: and he felt it was time for a change.
FEMALE_1: Unmanned aerial vehicles that can deliver
FEMALE_1: emergency medical supplies are already in use,
FEMALE_1: but scientists are looking further.
FEMALE_1: Drones could be used as ambulances
FEMALE_1: and even flying robotic surgeons.
FEMALE_1: They could be responsible for saving your life.
FEMALE_2: As global demographic shifts and longer lifespans
FEMALE_2: and modern lifestyles change medical and consumer habits,
FEMALE_2: the future of medicine and health care is evolving,
FEMALE_2: and creating opportunities for investors.
FEMALE_2: Chatters exploration into how demographics and
FEMALE_2: social change are impacting health care and
FEMALE_2: the future of investing is brought to you by iShares.
FEMALE_1: Drones have already been making
FEMALE_1: waves in some parts of the world.
FEMALE_1: In late 2018,
FEMALE_1: Ghanaian lawmakers approved the deployment
FEMALE_1: of drones for medical supply delivery,
FEMALE_1: and they've partnered with a US firm to do it.
FEMALE_1: Zipline in Ghana signed a four-year agreement allowing
FEMALE_1: the scheduled delivery of
FEMALE_1: critical medical supplies to remote areas via drone.
FEMALE_1: It's projected to save over 13 million lives,
FEMALE_1: and it's already saved at least one.
FEMALE_1: Recently, a very sick seven-year old boy
FEMALE_1: in Ghana was admitted to a hospital.
FEMALE_1: He was in need of O negative blood as soon as possible.
FEMALE_1: The staff would not have been able to help him in time.
FEMALE_1: But with one WhatsApp message,
FEMALE_1: a drone was at the hospital with
FEMALE_1: the necessary supplies in 15 minutes,
FEMALE_1: parachuting down a box with the blood transfusion inside.
FEMALE_1: The medicine comes from a large stockroom nearby with
FEMALE_1: everything from yellow fever vaccines to anti-venom.
FEMALE_1: In the future, Zipline aims to carry out
FEMALE_1: 150 flights a day to over 500 hospitals in Ghana.
FEMALE_1: Today, there are 270 cases of malaria per 1,000 people.
FEMALE_1: Despite the fact that malaria is curable,
FEMALE_1: making this deal with Zipline crucial in saving lives.
FEMALE_2: But drones are doing more than
FEMALE_2: just dropping off supplies.
FEMALE_2: They're here to directly save your life as well.
FEMALE_1: In February of 2013,
FEMALE_1: an EF4 tornado tore
FEMALE_1: through Hattiesburg Mississippi. [MUSIC].
Speaker 1: Emergency service response time was severely
Speaker 1: delayed and local doctors took notice.
Speaker 1: [NOISE] Dr. Italos Subbarao,
Speaker 1: got to work on an unprecedented system.
Speaker 1: It's called HIRO, which stands
Speaker 1: for Health Integrated Rescue Operations.
Speaker 1: Each drone carries an AED,
Speaker 1: as well as medicine and
Speaker 1: other supplies that can be remotely unlocked.
Speaker 1: Plans also include an augmented reality interface
Speaker 1: to connect bystanders with a
Speaker 1: remote on call doctor until
Speaker 1: emergency vehicles and personnel arrive on scene.
Speaker 1: The team has been developing
Speaker 1: kits for the past four years.
Speaker 1: The drones could weigh in between 2 and 20 pounds,
Speaker 1: depending on the service they'd be providing.
Speaker 1: The heaviest kits could be vital in saving
Speaker 1: victims of mass casualty incidents.
Speaker 1: The smaller kits would be more helpful in search and
Speaker 1: rescue scenarios or harder to reach areas.
Speaker 1: Teams have been developing drones
Speaker 1: like these across the world,
Speaker 1: but some firms are looking to
Speaker 1: expand that cargo to people.
Speaker 1: The design firm, Argo design
Speaker 1: has created a solution for jam
Speaker 1: packed cities where ambulances can take
Speaker 1: over 10 minutes to reach a patient in need.
Speaker 1: It's fittingly called a drone ambulance.
Speaker 1: The concept proposes a car sized
Speaker 1: UAV that can be driven by a pilot,
Speaker 1: GPS or a combination of
Speaker 1: both with the ability to land in tight spaces.
Speaker 1: Something like this could cost
Speaker 1: one million dollars to create,
Speaker 1: which is more expensive than
Speaker 1: an ambulance but still cheaper than a medical helicopter.
Speaker 1: Another concept that can become a reality,
Speaker 1: drones that perform surgery.
Speaker 1: Imagine having a drone hover down
Speaker 1: above you and perform emergency surgery.
Speaker 1: It sounds like something out of a sci fi movie,
Speaker 1: but the reality is that we
Speaker 1: already mastered the main two components.
Speaker 1: The da vinci robot,
Speaker 1: famously stitched the great back
Speaker 1: together with a surgeon controlling the robot.
Speaker 1: Have you seen our video on it?
Speaker 1: The robot is not replacing surgeons,
Speaker 1: but rather extending their capabilities.
Speaker 1: This technology combined with
Speaker 1: drones could create a world where
Speaker 1: emergency surgeries can happen
Speaker 1: quickly reducing casualties.
Speaker 1: Surgical robots are on the rise.
Speaker 1: By 2020, the surgical robot sales are
Speaker 1: expected to double to 6.4 billion dollars.
Speaker 1: Does this sound crazy to you?
Speaker 1: Well, just take a look back at
Speaker 1: the past 50 years and see just how far medicine has come.
Speaker 1: Approximately 2,300 heart transplants
Speaker 1: are performed each year in the United States.
Speaker 1: Scientists have developed
Speaker 1: brain controlled robotic neuro prosthetics
Speaker 1: and even restored sight for the blind.
Speaker 1: Medicine as we've come to know it,
Speaker 1: will inevitably change as
Speaker 1: technologies continue to advance.
Speaker 1: And with these advancements, comes better care,
Speaker 1: giving more people a better chance at survival.
Speaker 1: Technology is elevating health care in
Speaker 1: more ways than just UAV's and remote medicine.
Speaker 1: It is also playing a major role in
Speaker 1: the fields of immunology and genomics.
Speaker 1: For example, scientists are
Speaker 1: utilizing biodegradable nano sized drones to deliver
Speaker 1: a special type of healing molecule to fat deposits
Speaker 1: in arteries as a way to prevent heart attacks.
Speaker 1: And researchers are working on
Speaker 1: ways to leverage genetic tests to
Speaker 1: diagnose viral infections early
Speaker 1: before they become epidemics.
Speaker 1: Making treatments more effective and helping
Speaker 1: health workers curb the spread of deadly diseases.
Speaker 1: All of these medical advancements are
Speaker 1: not only providing better care for patients,
Speaker 1: but can also offer opportunities for investors.
Speaker 1: Ishares provides investors with
Speaker 1: the opportunity to gain exposure to companies that are
Speaker 1: leveraging technology to drive
Speaker 1: innovation and transform the way we live and work.
Speaker 1: Learn more about how you can use I
Speaker 1: shares ETF to invest in
Speaker 1: the mega trends that are shaping our future.
Speaker 1: Visit iShare.com/megatrends.
Speaker 1: [MUSIC]
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